Material Safety Data Sheet
Citric acid, anhydrous

ACC# 05200
Section 1 - Chemical Product and Company Identification

MSDS Name: Citric acid, anhydrous
Catalog Numbers: AC110450000, AC110450010, AC220340000, AC220341000, AC220345000, AC329860000, AC329860010, AC423560000, AC423560020, AC423560050, AC423565000, S72836, S728361, S782362, S93178, A940-1, A940-1LC, A940-250LB, A940-500, A95-250LB, A95-3, A95-SAM1, A95-SAM2, A95-SAM3, BP339-500
Synonyms:
2-Hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid.
Company Identification:

              Fisher Scientific
              1 Reagent Lane
              Fair Lawn, NJ 07410
For information, call:
201-796-7100
Emergency Number:
201-796-7100
For CHEMTREC assistance, call:
800-424-9300
For International CHEMTREC assistance, call:
703-527-3887

Section 2 - Composition, Information on Ingredients

CAS# Chemical Name Percent EINECS/ELINCS
77-92-9 Citric acid >99 201-069-1

Section 3 - Hazards Identification

EMERGENCY OVERVIEW

Appearance: white crystalline powder.
Danger! Causes severe eye irritation and possible injury. Causes skin and respiratory tract irritation.
Target Organs: Respiratory system, eyes, skin.


Potential Health Effects
Eye: Causes severe eye irritation and possible injury.
Skin: Causes skin irritation. Some references state that citric acid has allergenic properties but, no animal or human studies were found to support this claim. It does not seem likely that citric acid is a sensitizer since it is found in the body as an essential component of the citric acid cycle which releases energy for physiological functions. Citric acid is widely distributed in plants and in animal tissues and fluids.
Ingestion: May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Excessive intake of citric acid may cause erosion of the teeth.
Inhalation: Causes respiratory tract irritation.
Chronic: Repeated exposure may cause erosion of teeth. Chronic exposure may cause effects similar to those of acute exposure.

Section 4 - First Aid Measures


Eyes: In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for a t least 15 minutes. Get medical aid immediately.
Skin: In case of contact, flush skin with plenty of water. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops and persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion: If swallowed, do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
Inhalation: If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician: Treat symptomatically and supportively.

Section 5 - Fire Fighting Measures


General Information: As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. This material in sufficient quantity and reduced particle size is capable of creating a dust explosion.
Extinguishing Media: Use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam.
Flash Point: Not applicable.
Autoignition Temperature: 1010 deg C ( 1,850.00 deg F)
Explosion Limits, Lower:Not available.
Upper: Not available.
NFPA Rating: (estimated) Health: 3; Flammability: 1; Instability: 0

Section 6 - Accidental Release Measures


General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks: Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation. Spill may be carefully neutralized with lime (calcium oxide, CaO).

Section 7 - Handling and Storage


Handling: Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not get in eyes. Avoid contact with skin and clothing.
Storage: Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Store protected from moisture.

Section 8 - Exposure Controls, Personal Protection


Engineering Controls: Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate ventilation to keep airborne concentrations low.
Exposure Limits
Chemical Name ACGIH NIOSH OSHA - Final PELs
Citric acid none listed none listed none listed

OSHA Vacated PELs: Citric acid: No OSHA Vacated PELs are listed for this chemical.
Personal Protective Equipment
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators: Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.

Section 9 - Physical and Chemical Properties


Physical State: Crystalline powder
Appearance: white
Odor: Odorless.
pH: 1.7 (10% soln)
Vapor Pressure: 3.70E-009 mm Hg @ 25 deg C
Vapor Density: Not available.
Evaporation Rate:Not available.
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 175 deg C (dec)
Freezing/Melting Point:153 deg C
Decomposition Temperature:175 deg C
Solubility: 59.2% (20C)
Specific Gravity/Density:1.665 g/cm3
Molecular Formula:C6H8O7
Molecular Weight:192.12

Section 10 - Stability and Reactivity


Chemical Stability: Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid: Dust generation, moisture.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials: Metal nitrates, strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents, strong bases, metals.
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.

Section 11 - Toxicological Information


RTECS#:      
CAS# 77-92-9: GE7350000
LD50/LC50:
CAS# 77-92-9:
     Draize test, rabbit, eye: 750 ug/24H Severe;
     Draize test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg/24H Mild;
     Oral, mouse: LD50 = 5040 mg/kg;
     Oral, rat: LD50 = 3 gm/kg;
Carcinogenicity:
CAS# 77-92-9: Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, NTP, or CA Prop 65.

Epidemiology: No information available.
Teratogenicity: No information available.
Reproductive Effects: No information available.
Neurotoxicity: No information available.
Mutagenicity: No information available.
Other Studies: No data available.

Section 12 - Ecological Information

No information available.

Section 13 - Disposal Considerations

Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified as a hazardous waste. US EPA guidelines for the classification determination are listed in 40 CFR Parts 261.3. Additionally, waste generators must consult state and local hazardous waste regulations to ensure complete and accurate classification.
RCRA P-Series: None listed.
RCRA U-Series: None listed.

Section 14 - Transport Information

US DOT Canada TDG
Shipping Name: Not Regulated Not Regulated
Hazard Class:
UN Number:
Packing Group:

Section 15 - Regulatory Information

US FEDERAL

TSCA
     CAS# 77-92-9 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
Health & Safety Reporting List
     None of the chemicals are on the Health & Safety Reporting List.
Chemical Test Rules
     None of the chemicals in this product are under a Chemical Test Rule.
Section 12b
     None of the chemicals are listed under TSCA Section 12b.
TSCA Significant New Use Rule
     None of the chemicals in this material have a SNUR under TSCA.
CERCLA Hazardous Substances and corresponding RQs
     None of the chemicals in this material have an RQ.
SARA Section 302 Extremely Hazardous Substances
     None of the chemicals in this product have a TPQ.
SARA Codes
     CAS # 77-92-9: acute.
Section 313      No chemicals are reportable under Section 313.
Clean Air Act:
     This material does not contain any hazardous air pollutants.
     This material does not contain any Class 1 Ozone depletors.
     This material does not contain any Class 2 Ozone depletors.
Clean Water Act:
     None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Hazardous Substances under the CWA.
     None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Priority Pollutants under the CWA.
     None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Toxic Pollutants under the CWA.
OSHA:
     None of the chemicals in this product are considered highly hazardous by OSHA.
STATE
     CAS# 77-92-9 is not present on state lists from CA, PA, MN, MA, FL, or NJ.

California Prop 65

California No Significant Risk Level: None of the chemicals in this product are listed.

European/International Regulations

European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols:
     XI
Risk Phrases:

     R 36/37/38 Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin.

Safety Phrases:

     S 26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of
     water and seek medical advice.
     S 37/39 Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.

WGK (Water Danger/Protection)

     CAS# 77-92-9: 0
Canada - DSL/NDSL
     CAS# 77-92-9 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
Canada - WHMIS
     This product has a WHMIS classification of D2B.
Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List
     CAS# 77-92-9 is listed on the Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List.

Section 16 - Additional Information

MSDS Creation Date: 2/09/1999
Revision #6 Date: 2/25/2004

The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the information for their particular purposes. In no event shall Fisher be liable for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary damages, howsoever arising, even if Fisher has been advised of the possibility of such damages.